Career paths remain a matter of the heart for the Young Academy of Sweden (YAS). It was also the theme for YAS and The Swedish Association of University Teachers and Researchers’ (SULF) webinar. Based on YAS’ report Assistant Professorships in Sweden — an Evaluation, representatives from politics and the sector discussed career paths for younger researchers. Why does it look so different? How can we become better at using assistant professorships and speeding up the introduction of a coherent national career system?