The bar for quality should be set high and the criteria for promotion transparent. Illustration: Webstockrev.
Career paths for younger researchers continue to be a core issue for the Young Academy of Sweden. In a new report, the results of the Academy's survey of how assistant professorships are implemented are presented. The overall picture is that assistant professorships are being used in a variety of ways at the university and university college faculties that responded to our questionnaire. The Young Academy of Sweden wishes to extend a warm thanks to everyone who participated in the survey.
– We hope the report will be of use to everyone in the research system, says Pontus Nordenfelt, Associate Professor in Infection Biology at Lund University, and project manager for the report. It looks very different across the country and much can be done here in order to tap into the potential of younger researchers. The report provides an overview and presents a number of good examples!
The study was carried out through a survey to all faculties at Swedish higher education institutions (101). We have analysed data from the recruitment of 878 assistant professors or analogous positions before and after the 2017 reform, and have compiled a report on how this type of position is used and what advantages and disadvantages have been identified. The results show that the majority of the 65 faculties who answered the questionnaire are satisfied with the assistant professorships. The survey results highlight a number of challenges, but the overall picture is that assistant professorships are about to become an important tool in achieving more transparent and attractive career paths at Swedish universities.
A full translation of the report will be released in October.
A predictable and transparent career system that rewards high scientific quality is a prerequisite for Sweden to be a successful research nation. Unfortunately, the Swedish academic career system has been fragmented, featuring a wide variety of employment forms and types of positions for young researchers not only at the different higher education institutions (HEIs) but also at different faculties within the same institutions.
A number of studies have investigated career paths and conditions of work for young researchers, and in 2017 a tenure-track system was formally established through the introduction of the assistant professor position (biträdande lektor) in the Higher Education Ordinance (högskoleförordningen). The Young Academy of Sweden believes that this is a key reform of the academic system, and we have therefore conducted a survey of how assistant professorships have been implemented at Swedish HEIs. We have analyzed data from the recruitment of 878 assistant professors or analogous positions before and after the 2017 reform, and have compiled a report on how this type of position is used and what advantages and disadvantages have been identified.
To further facilitate the use of assistant professorships at Swedish HEIs, the Young Academy of Sweden proposes the following changes to the Higher Education Ordinance:
– The competition for recruiting researchers is stiff, and it is therefore important that Sweden's universities continue their efforts to develop attractive and competitive career paths for younger researchers, says Sanna Koskiniemi, chair of the Young Academy of Sweden.
The survey shows three key factors that are crucial to attracting the best younger teachers and researchers to Swedish universities: